The Laser Metal Depostion Automation system enables to transform an operator driven clad cell into a fully automated turnkey system. This automation is successful realised by implementing 3 key technologies: By using vision technology together with a robot parts of varying series can be detected and picked up from a pallet. Once the part is picked up the clad robot will work together with the pick robot to perform robot-robot welding to coat the part on the correct spots. During the cladding a coaxial camera monitors the melt pool to log the quality and if necessary, control the laser power.

Benefits for the users

The developed module results in reduce of cost of the products this is the result of 4 main benefits: less setup time, less validation time, increased laser-on time and reduced yield loss. Each of these benefits are the result of the implementation of the three key technologies.

Vision based picking: Reduces the complete setup time of valves. The completely automatic detecting and allignment reduces also the possibility for human errors and therefore reduces the yieldloss.

Robot-robot welding: with the implemented robot-robot welding setup time and laser-on time is increased by a parametric robotprogram. This results additionally in reduced yield-loss

Meltpool control: opens the possibility to perform online quality controll and reduces the yield-loss and process validation. Based on the melt pool signal the process can be judged on their performance, without time consuming macro analyses.


At the start of the project the laser metal deposition or laser cladding process is purely operator driven. The process is characterized by regular operator checks to validate that hardware, process and toolpaths are running as they should; multiple operator manipulation to setup a machine and a lot of expertise to judge and estimate the process.

By implementing the LMD-Auto module LCV made a step towards a turn-key installation which enables machines to perform checks automatically and avoiding labor intensive manipulation of parts. This results in an increased up-time and reduced yield-loss which results in a more cost-effective solution for endusers.

Sectors of application

Process industry Parts such valves, pistons come in various sizes and all need a corrosion weld overlay or hardfacing. The developed module is perfect for such applications, Ground engagement Components of the ground engagement such as drill bits all need a cost efficient coating. Often manipulation of these components is the cost driver, therefore these components are perfect for the module.

Infrastructure requirements

Hardware :

  1. Vision Camera: necessary to detect parts and to pick them up
  2. Robots: robots to perform the robot robot welding
  3. Thermal coaxial melt pool camera: this camera is necessary to monitor the melt pool to have data to perfrom melt pool control
  4. LMD-Auto controller: A controller who can coordinate the separate modules and run feedback loops for melt pool control


Software to program the controller loops and to manage all separate modules.


This application was developed thanks to the TRINITY-network of multidisciplinary and synergistic local digital innovation hubs (DIHs) composed of research centers, companies, and university groups that cover a wide range of topics that can contribute to agile production: advanced robotics as the driving force and digital tools, data privacy and cyber security technologies to support the introduction of  advanced robotic systems in the production processes.

For more information about LMD, please visit : LMD-Auto

The main DIGITALIS partners involved :